This guide reflects the APA Publication Manual, 6th edition, published in 2010. APA released an updated APA Publication Manual, 7th edition, in October 2019. Please check with your instructor about which version of APA to use in your assignments.
Always refer to the APA Manual for specific authorized examples of citations.
Some of the citation examples in this guide are from the manual and others are examples from the Amelia V. Galluci-Cirio Library Librarians.
This guide is an adaptation of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.), not a substitute for it.
For some sources, you may need to consult the APA Manual and interpret the rules to the best of your own ability. Copies of the manual are located at the Research Help desk.
APA Style is currently in its 6th edition. It is a citation format established by the American Psychological Association. The format was developed to ensure consistency and to provide style rules for scientific writing. For more information on APA style, click here.
This format is used mostly for:
What does APA Style include?
Top Five Reasons to Use APA Style:
Bookmark these sites!
Purdue University's OWL gives clear brief examples for almost every APA style question. Try it out!
A good place to find quick answers to questions such as: How do I format an entry for a book review in my Reference List? How do I cite a webpage that has no author? Not as complete as Purdue, but very easy to use.
A supplement to the APA Manual, available in PDF form online for personal use only. Provides detailed information for citing electronic resources, with examples and detailed explanations.
When you can't find the answer any place else, check the APA Style Blog. This blog is written by a group of experts, and they publish weekly posts on writing and publishing using APA style. You can search the blog, explore posts by category, and view the most recent posts and comments.
Corrections to the first printing of the 6th edition of the APA Style Guide (July 2009).
Additional resources to frequently asked questions about APA formatting.