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In Britain, the period that stretches from the middle of the eighteenth century to the mid-nineteenth century marks the emergence of the working classes, alongside and in response to the development of the middle-class public sphere. This collection explores the figure of the "working-class intellectual," who both assimilates the anti-authoritarian lexicon of the middle classes to create a new political and cultural identity, and revolutionizes it with the subversive energy of class hostility.
The New England Puritans' fascination with the legacy of the Jewish religion has been well documented, but their interactions with actual Jews have escaped sustained historical attention. New Israel/New England tells the story of the Sephardic merchants who traded and sojourned in Boston and Newport between the mid-seventeenth century and the era of the American Revolution. It also explores the complex and often contradictory meanings that the Puritans attached to Judaism and the fraught attitudes that they bore toward the Jews as a people.
This book argues that the traditional relationship between the act of confessing and the act of remembering is manifested through the widespread juxtaposition of confession and memory in Middle English literary texts and, furthermore, that this concept permeates other manifestations of memory as written by authors in a variety of genres. This study, through the framework of confession, identifies moments of recollection within the texts of four major Middle English authors and demonstrates that these authors deliberately employed the devices of recollection and forgetfulness in order to indicate changes or the lack thereof, both in conduct and in mindset, in their narrative subjects.
In this study of Gilded Age literature and culture, Ben Railton proposes that in the years after Reconstruction, America's identity was often contested through distinct and competing conceptions of the nation's history. He argues that the United States moved toward unifying and univocal historical narratives in the years between the Centennial and Columbian Expositions, that ongoing social conflict provided sites for complications of those narratives, and that works of historical literature offer some of the most revealing glimpses into the nature of those competing visions. Gilded Age scholarship often connects the period to the 20th-century American future, but Railton argues that it is just as crucial to see how the era relates to the American past. He closely analyzes the 1876 and 1893 Expositions, finding that many of the period's central trends, from technology to imperialism, were intimately connected to particular visions of the nation's history.
The issue of sexual harassment has received considerable attention in recent years. As responses to this problem have evolved--Paul I. Weizer argues--free speech and due process have become increasingly threatened. Because the Supreme Court has given little guidance, confronting harassment has been difficult and haphazard. The Supreme Court and Sexual Harassment examines the crux between limiting workplace speech and preventing sexual harassment. Weizer argues that the courts need to clarify further the meaning of sexual harassment, and employers need to clarify their own and their employees' speech and due process rights in the workplace.
Jewish writers have long had a sense of place in the United States, and interpretations of American geography have appeared in Jewish American literature from the colonial era forward. But scholarship on Jewish American literary history often limits itself to an immigrant model, situating the Jewish American literary canon firmly and inescapably among the immigrant authors and early environments of the early 20th century. In this book, Michael Hoberman combines literary history and geography to restore Jewish American writers to their roles as critical members of the American literary landscape from the 1850s to the present, and to argue that Jewish history, American literary history, and the inhabitation of American geography are, and always have been, contiguous entities.
Remaking Identities: God, Nation, and Race in World History by Benjamin Lieberman
For centuries conquerors, missionaries, and political movements acting in the name of a single god, nation, or race have sought to remake human identities. Tracing the rise of exclusive forms of identity over the past 1500 years, this innovative book explores both the creation and destruction of exclusive identities, including those based on nationalism and monotheistic religion. Benjamin Lieberman focuses on two critical phases of world history: the age of holy war and conversion, and the age of nationalism and racism. He convincingly shows that efforts to transplant and expand new identities have paradoxically generated long periods of both stability and explosive violence that remade the human landscape around the world.
Using five personal narratives and in contrast to both the traditional and multicultural narratives, this book suggest cross-cultural transformation has been at the core of America since the first moments of contact.
Judicial opinions written by justices of the United States Supreme Court are readily available, yet few Americans will ever examine the full substance of a Court opinion. Many find reading opinions an overwhelming and laborious process. The opinions of Justice Scalia are a different matter. Scalia is often sarcastic, smug, and self-assured. He does not hesitate to take his colleagues to task when he feels they are wrong and does not mind stooping to ridicule when it serves his point. Whether a reader agrees or disagrees with the points that Scalia seeks to make through these opinions, they are not boring.
People play mobile games everywhere and at any time. Tobin examines this media practice through the players directly using the lens of the players and practice of the Nintendo DS system. He argues for the primacy of context for understanding how digital play functions in today's society, emphasizing location, "killing-time," and mobile communities.
The 1993 Oslo Accords were a key attempt to resolve the Palestinian-Israeli conflict whose failure was largely attributed to extremists on both sides. The book challenges this conventional wisdom by examining the role of Israeli and Palestinian peacemakers themselves in derailing the peace process. Looking at the role of moderates before and after Oslo, the different agreements and peace proposals they negotiated, and their rhetoric, the book shows that these peacemakers retained an inherent ambivalence toward the peace process and one another. This prevented them and their constituents from committing to the process and achieving a lasting peace.
In the late 1830s an uprising of mestizos and Maya destroyed Guatemala's Liberal government for imposing reforms aimed at expanding the state, assimilating indigenous peoples, and encouraging commercial agriculture. Liberal partisans were unable to retake the state until 1871, but after they did they successfully implemented their earlier reform agenda. In contrast to the late 1830s, they met only sporadic resistance. Reeves confronts this paradox of Guatemala's nineteenth century by focusing on the rural folk of the western highlands. He links the area of study to the national level in an explicitly comparative enterprise. He finds that changes in land, labor, and ethnic politics from the 1840s to the 1870s left popular sectors unwilling or unable to mount a repeat of the earlier anti-Liberal mobilization.
Michael Hoberman explores the convergence of folk regional identity--a culturally based sense of place--with the social, economic, and psychic pressures that have come with modernity. Focusing on the oral traditions of a small place, the Sawmill Valley of western Massachusetts, he finds that the folklife of apparently isolated rural communities is far more dynamic and adaptable to change than is popularly supposed. Deftly intertwining anecdote and analysis, Hoberman draws largely upon interviews he conducted with older residents of the Sawmill Valley.
Do middle powers matter geopolitically to great powers when confronting the unconventional, twenty-first-century threats from nation-states or nonstate actors? Bridging the European Divide explores how key regional middle powers perceived and advocated their political power options in the aftermath of September 11, 2001.
This book builds on prominent middle power literature and aims to advance our theoretical understanding for why crucial foreign policies were made by the "pivotal middle" powers this book examines--Poland, South Korea, and Bolivia. Middle power impact matters, not only regionally for stronger, dominant greater power neighbors, but also for transformative middle power leaderships which proved pivotal geopolitically for their region's challenges and changes.
It is not always clear what actually constitutes sexual harassment or how it differs from other types of discrimination based on gender. While sexual harassment is a major issue in American workplaces and schools, there is no bona fide consensus as to what sexual harassment really is. This book is designed to bring together material on an issue that is currently troubling most workplaces and schools in the United States: the problem of how to deal with a distressing increase in sexual harassment claims.
Climate Change and Human History provides an up-to-date and concise introduction to the relationship between human beings and climate change throughout history. Starting with periods hundreds of thousands of years ago and continuing up to the present day, the book illustrates how natural climate variability affected early human societies, and how humans are now altering climate drastically within much shorter periods of time.
A Protocol for Multimedia Transmission over Wireless Networks by Hong Yu
For the multiple-access protocol in wireless network, it is a scheme to control the access to a shared communication medium among various users. Access protocol can be grouped due to the bandwidth allocation mechanism and the type of control mechanism implements. Each Media Access Control (MAC) uses a different media or multiple accesses schemes to allocate the limited bandwidth. It is required to develop simple and efficient resource management protocols for these network results in reduced processing cost, faster processing and a better use of network resources. When a mount of traffic is classified by different flow characteristics and then QoS requirement increases the utilization of the network resources. The orchestrated multimedia transmission is expected that the various elements of the multimedia service will be synchronized at the receiver node.
Over the past two centuries, ethnic cleansing has remade the map of Central and Eastern Europe and the Middle East, transforming vast empires that embraced many ethnic groups into nearly homogenous nations. Towns and cities from Germany to Turkey still show traces of the vanished and nearly forgotten ethnic and religious communities that once called these places home. Benjamin Lieberman describes the violent transformations that occurred in Salonica and hundreds of other towns and cities as the Ottoman, Russian, Austro-Hungarian, and German empires collapsed, to be reborn as the modern nation-states we know today.
Jews have lived in small-town New England since the colonial era, but during the last hundred years they have been especially active contributors to the region's cultural life. Part oral history, part ethnography, and part literary portrait, How Strange It Seems tells the story of this often overlooked group, tracing its patterns of settlement, economic activity, civic involvement, and religious life since the late 1800s. Based on more than fifty interviews with men and women of all ages from Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, and Connecticut, it seeks to understand what is distinctive -- and not so distinctive -- about contemporary Jewish communities outside the larger urban centers of the Northeast.
Postcolonial Third World states have historically faced two major challenges: the promotion of economic development and the creation of stable democracies. While some developing former colonial countries have gotten a foothold up on globalization others are not so fortunate. Eric Budd investigates and compares forms of patrimonialism in several developing states. The traditional criticism of development countries, is that too much patrimonialism acts as a barrier in the face of economic development and democratization. The author considers this criticism through a comparative study of the Philippines, Peru, Taiwan, Chile, Ecuador, and Indonesia. These cases provide the author with a unique window into the question of patrimonialism and its effect on economic development and the development of democratic societies.
Organized in 1933, the Southern States Industrial Council's (SSIC) adherence to the South as a unique political and economic entity limited its members' ability to forge political coalitions against the New Deal. The SSIC's commitment to regional preferences, however, transformed and incorporated conservative thought in the post-World War II era, ultimately complementing the emerging conservative movement in the 1940s and 1950s. In response to New Dealers' attempts to remake the southern economy, the New South industrialists effectively fused cultural traditionalism and free market economics into a brand of southern free enterprise that shaped the region's reputation and political culture. Dollars for Dixie demonstrates how the South emerged from this refashioning and became a key player in the modern conservative movement, with new ideas regarding free market capitalism, conservative fiscal policy, and limited bureaucracy.
Throughout history, creative writers have often tackled topical subjects as a means to engage and influence public discourse. American authors have consistently found ways to be critical of the more painful pieces of the country's past yet have done so with the patriotic purpose of strengthening the nation's community and future. Ben Railton argues that it is only through an in-depth engagement with history--especially its darkest and most agonizing elements--that one can come to a genuine form of patriotism that employs constructive criticism as a tool for civic engagement. The author argues that it is through such critical patriotism that one can imagine and move toward a hopeful, shared future for all Americans.
Optimal Engineering Strategy for Sustainable Infrastructure: Water and Sanitation Case Study from Eastern Sudan by Abdel Gabar Mustafa
Because of the unaffordable economical, environmental and social costs associated with large scale infrastructure development many communities in the Global South, may opt to use small-scale technology schemes. It is the view of this study, for such option to succeed in improving the living conditions of the poor in the Global South it will require: Wider support by national governments, and NGOs; rigorous, place-based analysis and assessment; the use of innovative technologies (GIS and Remote Sensing);adoption of effective policies that are pro-poor, gender sensitive and reconcilable with positive cultural practices; effective adoption of sustainable appropriate technologies;sufficient and effective funding; and thorough understanding of the impacts of development on socioeconomic,cultural and political conditions.
Historians of the stabilization phase of Weimar Germany tend to identify German recovery after the First World War with the struggle to revise reparations and control hyperinflation. The financial burden of recovery was only one of several major causes of reaction against the republic. Drawing on material from major German cities, Lieberman is able to trace the emergence of strong local activism and of comprehensive and functional policies of recovery on the municipal level which enjoyed broad political backing. These same programs that created consensus also contained the potential for destabilization: they unleashed intense debate over the needs of the consumers and public spending, and government intervention. This accelerated the fragmentation of bourgeois politics, leading to the final destruction of the Weimar Republic.
Geometry course in mind. I have included extra information where I think it will be helpful based on my experience in working with students and their common misconceptions. Informal Geometry is a course designed for Education Majors. After giving certain definitions, I give instructions on how to read and understand them. It also includes an Understanding the Text section at the end of many sections of the text. Solutions to these problems are not included in this edition of the text.
Teaching Plagiarism Prevention to College Students: An Ethics-Based Approach provides an innovative approach to plagiarism instruction by grounding it in ethics theory. By providing an ethics foundation to plagiarism instruction, this book helps the plagiarism instructor to address both unintentional and intentional plagiarism behaviors among students. This book provides tools to address why plagiarism is an important ethical issue in an academic environment.
The Right to Write: College Communication and the First Amendment by Charles H. Sides
The First Amendment to the United States Constitution enshrines a right that is unique to free societies—a right to write, speak, and publicly gather as part of an obligation to engage in the civitas of a society. The Right to Write: College Communication and The First Amendment explores the history of speech freedoms and provides easy-to-apply strategies for students in a wide range of college-level writing courses, supported by challenging case studies that are based on past and current free expression controversies.
How to Write and Present Technical Information by Charles H. Sides
Thoroughly updated to discuss the use of tools such as Skype and social media, this concise volume shows how effective communication--via written text and spoken presentations--can positively impact project management in professional environments. Provides readers with clear guidelines for designing and writing a wide range of professional documents and associated communications. It offers effective strategies for solving communications problems.
Brain Drain and Gender Inequality in Turkey by Adem Yavuz Elveren
This book provides a comprehensive analysis of the brain drain from Turkey, with particular focus on its gender dimension. The author presents a review of brain drain literature, as well as analyzing the brain drain from Turkey using original survey data. Presenting an account of state changes in Turkey, and using a range of empirical methods, the book argues that women have a higher tendency not to return to the country due to increasing gender inequality, borne out of a shift towards a more authoritarian regime over the last decade. Brain Drain and Gender Inequality in Turkey will be of interest to students and scholars across a range of disciplines, including migration studies, social policy, and gender studies.
The Economics of Military Spending: A Marxist Perspective by Adem Yavuz Elveren
The Economics of Military Spending offers a comprehensive analysis of the effect of military expenditures on the economy. The book presents a general discussion on the economic models of the nexus of military spending and economic growth, as well as military Keynesianism and the military-industrial complex. Including an account of the Marxist crisis theories, it focuses on military spending as a counteracting factor to the tendency of rate of profit to fall. Using a range of econometric methods and adopting a Marxist perspective, this book provides comprehensive evidence on the effects of military spending on the rate of profit for more than thirty countries. The findings shed light on the complex linkages between military spending and the profit rate by considering the role of countries in the arms trade.
The Chinese Exclusion Act: What It Can Teach Us about America by Ben Railton
This book explores two critical strands in American Studies: policy conversations on legal and illegal immigration and social and educational conversations on diversity and multiculturalism. As author Benjamin Railton shows, a fresh look at the Chinese Exclusion Act overturns much of the received wisdom on immigration and American identity.
We the People: The 500 Year Battle over Who is American by Ben Railton
How do Americans define that "We" In We the People? Ben Railton argues two competing yet interconnected concepts have battled to define our national identity and community: exclusionary and inclusive visions of who gets to be an American. From the earliest moments of European contact with indigenous peoples, through the Revolutionary period's debates on African American slavery, 19th century conflicts over Indian Removal, Mexican landowners, and Chinese immigrants, 20th century controversies around Filipino Americans and Japanese internment, and 21st century fears of Muslim Americans, this defining battle has shaped our society and culture. Carefully exploring and critically examining those histories is vital to understanding America when the battle over who is an American can be found in every significant debate and moment.