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Chicago Style

Formating You References

Please visit these sites for additional information on how to set up your Bibliography or Reference List:

Purdue Owl

Turabian Quick Guide


The Basics:

Put the reference list on a separate page at the end of the paper.
  • Label the first page of your back matter, and your comprehensive list of sources, “Bibliography” (for Notes and Bibliography style) or “References” (for Author Date style). 
  • Leave two blank lines between “Bibliography” or “References” and your first entry. 
  • Leave one blank line between remaining entries. 
  • List entries in letter-by-letter alphabetical order according to the first word in each entry. 
  • List authors' names with last name first, followed by initial(s).
  • Include the name and initial(s) for all authors of a work.
  • Use "&" rather than "and" when listing multiple authors of a single work.
  • If the work has no author, use the title in place of the author.